Score

class scoretools.Score(music=None, context_name='Score', name=None)

A score.

>>> staff_1 = Staff("c'8 d'8 e'8 f'8")
>>> staff_2 = Staff("c'8 d'8 e'8 f'8")
>>> score = Score([staff_1, staff_2])
>>> show(score) 

Lineage

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Attribute summary

add_final_bar_line([abbreviation, to_each_voice]) Add final bar line to end of score.
add_final_markup(markup[, extra_offset]) Adds markup to end of score.
append(component) Appends component to container.
consists_commands Unordered set of LilyPond engravers to include in context definition.
context_name Gets and sets context name of context.
extend(expr) Extends container with expr.
index(component) Returns index of component in container.
insert(i, component[, fracture_spanners]) Inserts component at index i in container.
is_nonsemantic Gets and sets nonsemantic voice flag.
is_semantic Is true when context is semantic.
is_simultaneous Is true when container is simultaneous.
lilypond_context Gets LilyPondContext associated with context.
name Gets and sets name of container.
pop([i]) Pops component from container at index i.
remove(component) Removes component from container.
remove_commands Unordered set of LilyPond engravers to remove from context.
reverse() Reverses contents of container.
__contains__(expr) Is true when expr appears in container.
__copy__(\*args) Copies component with indicators but without children of component or spanners attached to component.
__delitem__(i) Deletes components(s) at index i in container.
__eq__(expr) Is true when ID of expr equals ID of Abjad object.
__format__([format_specification]) Formats component.
__getitem__(i) Gets container i.
__graph__([spanner]) Graphviz graph representation of container.
__hash__() Hashes Abjad object.
__illustrate__() Illustrates component.
__iter__() Iterates container.
__len__() Gets number of items in container.
__mul__(n) Copies component n times and detaches spanners.
__ne__(expr) Is true when Abjad object does not equal expr.
__repr__() Gets interpreter representation of context.
__rmul__(n) Copies component n times and detach spanners.
__setitem__(i, expr) Sets container i equal to expr.

Read-only properties

(Context).consists_commands

Unordered set of LilyPond engravers to include in context definition.

Manage with add, update, other standard set commands:

>>> staff = Staff([])
>>> staff.consists_commands.append('Horizontal_bracket_engraver')
>>> print(format(staff))
\new Staff \with {
    \consists Horizontal_bracket_engraver
} {
}
(Context).is_semantic

Is true when context is semantic. Otherwise false.

Returns true or false.

(Context).lilypond_context

Gets LilyPondContext associated with context.

Returns LilyPond context instance.

(Context).remove_commands

Unordered set of LilyPond engravers to remove from context.

Manage with add, update, other standard set commands:

>>> staff = Staff([])
>>> staff.remove_commands.append('Time_signature_engraver')
>>> print(format(staff))
\new Staff \with {
    \remove Time_signature_engraver
} {
}

Read/write properties

(Context).context_name

Gets and sets context name of context.

Returns string.

(Context).is_nonsemantic

Gets and sets nonsemantic voice flag.

>>> pairs = [(1, 8), (5, 16), (5, 16)]
>>> measures = scoretools.make_spacer_skip_measures(pairs)
>>> voice = Voice(measures)
>>> voice.name = 'HiddenTimeSignatureVoice'
>>> voice.is_nonsemantic = True
>>> voice.is_nonsemantic
True

Gets nonsemantic voice voice:

>>> voice = Voice([])
>>> voice.is_nonsemantic
False

Returns true or false.

The intent of this read / write attribute is to allow composers to tag invisible voices used to house time signatures indications, bar number directives or other pieces of score-global non-musical information. Such nonsemantic voices can then be omitted from voice interation and other functions.

(Container).is_simultaneous

Is true when container is simultaneous. Otherwise false.

Example 1. Gets simultaneity status of container:

>>> container = Container()
>>> container.append(Voice("c'8 d'8 e'8"))
>>> container.append(Voice('g4.'))
>>> show(container) 
>>> container.is_simultaneous
False

Example 2. Sets simultaneity status of container:

>>> container = Container()
>>> container.append(Voice("c'8 d'8 e'8"))
>>> container.append(Voice('g4.'))
>>> show(container) 
>>> container.is_simultaneous = True
>>> show(container) 

Defaults to false.

Set to true or false.

Returns true or false.

(Container).name

Gets and sets name of container.

Example 1. Gets container name:

>>> container = Container("c'4 d'4 e'4 f'4")
>>> show(container) 
>>> container.name is None
True

Example 2. Sets container name:

>>> container = Container("c'4 d'4 e'4 f'4", name='Special')
>>> show(container) 
>>> container.name
'Special'

Container name does not appear in LilyPond output:

>>> f(container)
{
    c'4
    d'4
    e'4
    f'4
}

Defaults to none.

Set to string or none.

Returns string or none.

Methods

Score.add_final_bar_line(abbreviation='|.', to_each_voice=False)

Add final bar line to end of score.

>>> staff = Staff("c'4 d'4 e'4 f'4")
>>> score = Score([staff])
>>> show(score) 
>>> score.add_final_bar_line()
BarLine('|.')
>>> show(score) 

Set to_each_voice to true to make part extraction easier.

Returns bar line.

Score.add_final_markup(markup, extra_offset=None)

Adds markup to end of score.

Example 1. Adds markup to last leaf:

>>> staff = Staff("c'4 d'4 e'4 f'4")
>>> score = Score([staff])
>>> place = Markup('Bremen - Boston - LA.', direction=Down)
>>> date = Markup('July 2010 - May 2011.')
>>> markup = Markup.right_column([place, date], direction=Down)
>>> markup = markup.italic()
>>> markup = score.add_final_markup(
...     markup,
...     extra_offset=(0.5, -2),
...     )
>>> show(staff) 

Example 2. Adds markup to last multimeasure rest:

>>> staff = Staff("c'4 d'4 e'4 f'4")
>>> staff.append(MultimeasureRest(Duration(4, 4)))
>>> score = Score([staff])
>>> place = Markup('Bremen - Boston - LA.', direction=Down)
>>> date = Markup('July 2010 - May 2011.')
>>> markup = Markup.right_column([place, date], direction=Down)
>>> markup = markup.italic()
>>> markup = score.add_final_markup(
...     markup,
...     extra_offset=(14.5, -2),
...     )
>>> show(staff) 

Returns none.

(Container).append(component)

Appends component to container.

Example 1. Appends note to container:

>>> container = Container("c'4 ( d'4 f'4 )")
>>> show(container) 
>>> container.append(Note("e'4"))
>>> show(container) 

Returns none.

(Container).extend(expr)

Extends container with expr.

Example 1. Extends container with three notes:

>>> container = Container("c'4 ( d'4 f'4 )")
>>> show(container) 
>>> notes = [Note("e'32"), Note("d'32"), Note("e'16")]
>>> container.extend(notes)
>>> show(container) 

Returns none.

(Container).index(component)

Returns index of component in container.

Example 1. Gets index of last element in container:

>>> container = Container("c'4 d'4 f'4 e'4")
>>> show(container) 
>>> note = container[-1]
>>> note
Note("e'4")
>>> container.index(note)
3

Returns nonnegative integer.

(Container).insert(i, component, fracture_spanners=False)

Inserts component at index i in container.

Example 1. Inserts note. Does not fracture spanners:

>>> container = Container([])
>>> container.extend("fs16 cs' e' a'")
>>> container.extend("cs''16 e'' cs'' a'")
>>> container.extend("fs'16 e' cs' fs")
>>> slur = spannertools.Slur(direction=Down)
>>> attach(slur, container[:])
>>> show(container) 
>>> container.insert(-4, Note("e'4"), fracture_spanners=False)
>>> show(container) 

Example 2. Inserts note. Fractures spanners:

>>> container = Container([])
>>> container.extend("fs16 cs' e' a'")
>>> container.extend("cs''16 e'' cs'' a'")
>>> container.extend("fs'16 e' cs' fs")
>>> slur = spannertools.Slur(direction=Down)
>>> attach(slur, container[:])
>>> show(container) 
>>> container.insert(-4, Note("e'4"), fracture_spanners=True)
>>> show(container) 

Returns none.

(Container).pop(i=-1)

Pops component from container at index i.

Example 1. Pops last element from container:

>>> container = Container("c'4 ( d'4 f'4 ) e'4")
>>> show(container) 
>>> container.pop()
Note("e'4")
>>> show(container) 

Returns component.

(Container).remove(component)

Removes component from container.

Example 1. Removes note from container:

>>> container = Container("c'4 ( d'4 f'4 ) e'4")
>>> show(container) 
>>> note = container[2]
>>> note
Note("f'4")
>>> container.remove(note)
>>> show(container) 

Returns none.

(Container).reverse()

Reverses contents of container.

Example 1. Reverses staff:

>>> staff = Staff("c'8 [ d'8 ] e'8 ( f'8 )")
>>> show(staff) 
>>> staff.reverse()
>>> show(staff) 

Returns none.

Special methods

(Container).__contains__(expr)

Is true when expr appears in container. Otherwise false.

Returns true or false.

(Component).__copy__(*args)

Copies component with indicators but without children of component or spanners attached to component.

Returns new component.

(Container).__delitem__(i)

Deletes components(s) at index i in container.

Example 1. Deletes first tuplet in voice:

>>> voice = Voice()
>>> voice.append(Tuplet((2, 3), "c'4 d'4 e'4"))
>>> voice.append(Tuplet((2, 3), "e'4 d'4 c'4"))
>>> leaves = iterate(voice).by_class(scoretools.Leaf)
>>> attach(Slur(), list(leaves))
>>> show(voice) 
>>> tuplet_1 = voice[0]
>>> del(voice[0])

First tuplet no longer appears in voice:

>>> show(voice) 
>>> inspect_(voice).is_well_formed()
True

First tuplet is no longer slurred but is still well-formed:

>>> show(tuplet_1) 
>>> inspect_(tuplet_1).is_well_formed()
True

Withdraws component(s) from crossing spanners.

Preserves spanners that component(s) cover(s).

Returns none.

(AbjadObject).__eq__(expr)

Is true when ID of expr equals ID of Abjad object. Otherwise false.

Returns true or false.

(Component).__format__(format_specification='')

Formats component.

Set format_specification to ‘’, ‘lilypond’ or ‘storage’.

Returns string.

(Container).__getitem__(i)

Gets container i.

Traverses top-level items only.

Returns component.

(Container).__graph__(spanner=None, **kwargs)

Graphviz graph representation of container.

Returns Graphviz graph.

(AbjadObject).__hash__()

Hashes Abjad object.

Required to be explicitly redefined on Python 3 if __eq__ changes.

Returns integer.

(Component).__illustrate__()

Illustrates component.

Returns LilyPond file.

(Container).__iter__()

Iterates container.

Example 1. Abjad containers are iterables:

>>> import collections
>>> container = Container()
>>> isinstance(container, collections.Iterable)
True

Example 2. Abjad containers are not sequences:

>>> import collections
>>> container = Container()
>>> isinstance(container, collections.Sequence)
False

Yields container elements.

Returns generator.

(Container).__len__()

Gets number of items in container.

Returns nonnegative integer.

(Component).__mul__(n)

Copies component n times and detaches spanners.

Returns list of new components.

(AbjadObject).__ne__(expr)

Is true when Abjad object does not equal expr. Otherwise false.

Returns true or false.

(Context).__repr__()

Gets interpreter representation of context.

>>> context = scoretools.Context(
...     name='MeterVoice',
...     context_name='TimeSignatureContext',
...     )
>>> repr(context)
'Context()'

Returns string.

(Component).__rmul__(n)

Copies component n times and detach spanners.

Returns list of new components.

(Container).__setitem__(i, expr)

Sets container i equal to expr. Finds spanners that dominate self[i] and children of self[i]. Replaces contents at self[i] with ‘expr’. Reattaches spanners to new contents. Always leaves score tree in tact.

Returns none.